Pocket Watch Database

Elgin Grade 214

Grade 214 is a 23j Openface watch maufacturered by Elgin. The size 18s, Model 8 movement features a nickel finish and is adjusted to 5 positions, isochronism and temperature. During the time the watch was manufactured, it would have qualified for railroad service and is considered to be railroad grade. Each movement was fitted at the factory with a double-sunk dial.

Grade 214 Movement Characteristics

  • Size18s
  • Jewels23j
  • ConfigurationOpenface
  • FinishNickel
  • Model8
  • SettingLever
  • AdjustedYes
  • Railroad GradeYes

Grade 214 Production Info

  • Total Production22,700
  • Number of Runs22
  • Years1900-1912
  • First Serial8,400,001
  • Last Serial16,602,200
  • Largest Run2,000
  • Smallest Run200
  • Most Common Run1,000

Research Notes

Introduced to the trade on March 1, 1901 in the new "Model 1901" product line. [Jewelers' Circular, March 6, 1901]

The No. 214 Veritas movement introduced by the Elgin National Watch Company in 1901 represents the first 23-Jewel railroad watch produced by the company. Adorned with the name “Veritas,” this prestigious movement featured 23 ruby jewels in raised gold settings, gold train wheels, a double roller escapement with cap jewels, steel escape wheel, jeweled safety barrel, and was adjusted to the highest degree for precise railroad timekeeping.

The Grade 214 remained part of Elgin’s product lineup until around 1912, when the market trended toward smaller watches, especially for railroad service.

The 1907 A.C. Becken Catalog describes jeweling as "23 extra find ruby jewels." No indication of Sapphire or Diamond jewels. Adjustment is described as "adjusted to temperature, isochronism and positions."

According to Elgin Master Records, the Grade 214 was first fitted with diamond endstones with serial 10,859,001. However, reports indicate a possible later implementation). Sapphire pallet stones were fitted starting with serial 13,425,701.

Master Record Notes:

10859001 First watches with Diamond Endstones for Bal. Caps
C. Center 3rd + 4th Wheels commence - 11926501
Swiss Main Springs - Nov. 1st 1906
Order Chicago 2/11 - 07 To have Gilded Engraving
Reg. Spring - commenced 13425501
Sapphire Pallet Stones - commence - 13425701
Pallet Arbor + Esc. Pin. with 24-26 pivots begin 15475201
Service winding wheels - begin with No. 13833101 - May 13, 19010
Stamped "Adjusted 5 positions" beginning at No. 15475001 - 6/18/12
Trained in Adjusting Dept beginning at 16022301
Order C?? 9/16/12 - Use Balance meantime Studs and Nuts
Oval Sapph. Pallet stones begin with - 13425701 - 7/8/13
Nov. 17 1913 Changes back to Flat Sapph. Pallet Stones begin at # No Flat Sapph Pallet Stones
Nut Screw changes from Gold to Nickel 3/16/16
Change order: 1385
Change order: 3365